21002034-3 - BUILDING PHYSICS AND PLANTS

The design studio’s goal is to achieve a product comparable to what the Italian legislation usually defines as “final design”. It is, in other words, to put students in conditions, starting from the needs of the construction, to manage the simultaneous presence of specialist contributions (composition, structural, regulations, technological, environmental, technical physics, economic) involved in an achievable architectural project.

Canali

teacher profile | teaching materials

Programme

The work that takes place in the applied physics for architecture module 2M, aims to bring the work done in the previous 1M Laboratory to a final design level.

In particular, the program that will be carried out during the course and which will be the subject of discussion during the final exam is structured as follows:
1. Verification of the choices defined during the course of the 1M Lab, in relation to the overall design evolution, with particular reference to the following points:
2. Sizing / verification of the dimensions of the glass surfaces in 2 environments (one, to represent the large spaces that characterize the common environments, one, the private space of the rooms) through the method of calculating the daylight factor.
3. Approximate calculation of summer and winter heat loads and ventilation requirements; verification of compliance with current regulations regarding the containment of energy consumption
4. Location and approximate dimensioning of the technological plants: thermal power plant, refrigeration plant, environments that contain the air treatment units.
5. Distribution diagram of air channels and their dimensioning limited to the critical path (longer and more articulated path)
6. Acoustic design of 2 rooms (one large space that characterizes the common areas, and a second one that represents the private space of the rooms)
7. Passive fire prevention design: identification of escape routes, emergency exits, compartmentalization
8. Concept design of the artificial lighting system, as one of the elements characterizing the style and atmosphere of the hotel, in relation to the target audience of reference
9. Building Automation (domotics) for rooms and common areas


Core Documentation

Teaching material consists of the handsouts available online, integrated on the single topics by the below listed book

Reference Bibliography

• G. Moncada Lo Giudice, L. De Santoli. Progettazione di impianti tecnici. Casa Editrice Ambrosiana. 2000 • F. Bianchi, R. Carratù. Manualetto di Fisica Tecnica Applicata all’Architettura. L’Acustica. Aracne Editrice • AA.VV. Manuale di Progettazione Illuminotecnica – a cura di Marco Frascarolo. Mancosu Editore Architectural Book and Review. Roma 2010

Type of delivery of the course

Lectures are provided In the fields of HVAC systems, lighting and multimedia systems, architectural acoustics design. National and international case studies are analyzed. The submentioned metodologies are applied on the project developed In architectural project module. As in the architecture module, the project is developed starting from the preliminary level developed in the 1m lab, to the executive level. In the case of an extension of the health emergency from COVID-19, all the provisions that regulate the methods of carrying out the teaching activities and student assessment will be implemented.

Attendance

Attendance is required for at least 75% of the lessons

Type of evaluation

The Studio evaluates the final design, by looking at the process that evolved it from the original outcome of the previous studio, and looking at how much the final architectural output, and possibily its quality, is the result of a efficient synthesis of the technical issues introduced and developed in the studio. Two sets of documentation are used for final evaluation: - a "design book" in A3/presentation format, where Architectural Design is presented as synthesis of all technical contributions of the Studio Modules, showing its relationships and cultural position within their topics; - a set of technical drawings, at appropriate scales, simulating a detail level close to Construction Documentation / RIBA Stage 4. The set contains the conventional 2D representations (plans, sections, elevations, details) aside 3D representations aimed at showing construction consistency and architectural impact of the "detailed design" choices; Both sets are revisioned all along the semester, since the design book is the base for public presentation of the projects to the teaching body, while drwings are the base for individual revisions, and significant extracts are also selected and published in the book. Drawings have to be sumbitted in a pre-exam evaluation in order for the group to be admitted to the final exam. The final exam is an oral colloquim with every single group based on the book presentation, and the evaluation of PDF developed by single students as personal assignments. Those drawings, already evaluated in the pre-exam session, are submitted one day in advance to the colloquium date. The teaching body then takes its time to develop the final judgment on each group work and a single evaluation for their components.

teacher profile | teaching materials

Programme

The lectures review basic subjects as heat transfer, psycrometrics, climatic conditions, thermal and visual comfort and are focused on their relation with energy and environmental performance of the buildings. Heating and cooling loads. Passive (bioclimatic architecture) and active (plants, building services..) systems are also illustrated in the lessons.
Students will deal with the following topics:

1. Building Envelope design, focusing on energetic behavior and thermal properties.
2. Heating and cooling loads estimation.
3. Building plants and mechanical services integration in architecture – Location and sizing.
4. HVAC systems type choice, design and distribution.
5. Solar Technologies integration in buildings for heating and electricity production.
6. Daylighting, FLD calculation.
7. Acoustics.



Core Documentation

DALL’O G., Architettura e impianti, CittaStudiEdizioni
CAMMARATA G., IMPIANTI TERMOTECNICI, UNIV. DI CATANIA, 2009

Didactic material will be made available during the course

Reference Bibliography

MONCADA LO GIUDICE G., DE SANTOLI L., PROGETTAZIONE DI IMPIANTI TECNICI, CASA EDITRICE AMBROSIANA, 2000 BIANCHI F., CARRATÙ R., MANUALETTO DI FISICA TECNICA APPLICATA ALL''ARCHITETTURA. L''ILLUMINAZIONE DIURNA E METODI DI CALCOLO. ARACNE EDITRICE.

Type of delivery of the course

The teaching activity includes lectures and design project reviews for the application part. In the case of an extension of the health emergency from COVID-19, all the provisions that regulate the methods of carrying out the teaching activities and student assessment will be implemented. In particular, the teaching activity will be carried out remotely, with lessons carried out via the Teams platform.

Attendance

Students must attend at the least the 75% of lessons to be admitted to the final exam

Type of evaluation

A SPECIFIC WRITTEN PAPER WILL BE PRODUCED FOR THE BUILDING PHYSICS Module, IN WHICH WILL BE EXPOSED IN MORE DETAIL THE CHECKS AND CALCULATIONS CARRIED OUT, IN ADDITION TO A FINAL PRESENTATION, IN THE CONTEXT OF THE EXHIBITION OF THE ARCHITECTURAL PROJECT, OF THE SPECIFIC ARGUMENTS OF THE MODULE AND THEIR INTEGRATION IN THE PROJECT ITSELF. PERIODIC CHECKS / DELIVERIES ARE CARRIED OUT DURING THE YEAR. N.B. In the case of an extension of the health emergency from COVID-19, all the provisions that regulate the methods of carrying out the teaching activities and student assessment will be implemented.