20710014 - HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

The course in History of Philosophy is part of the program in Philosophy (BA level) and is included among the basic training activities.
The course (BA) has the following learning objectives:
1. to develop knowledge of the most important concepts and authors of modern and contemporary philosophy (Leibniz, Kant, Husserl);
2. to promote the understanding of the historical-cultural contexts in which these concepts were formed;
3. to develop the ability to apply methods of analysis and historical-philosophical knowledge in the research activities preceding the performance of the final exam;
4. to promote learning skills and autonomy of judgment.

Upon completion of the course students (1) are expected to know the basic issues of the modern and contemporary philosophy (Leibniz,Kant, Husserl); (2) have acquired a scientific attitude to exmination the writings discussed in the course. In particular, they will have developed:
- skills to interpret the signs and meanings of didactic communication between teacher/student and student/student;
- to analyse a philosophical problem from different points of view;
- to identify contradictions in a philosophical argument;
- to control the relevance and meaning of the conceptual expositions;
- to draw conclusions from a variety of observations and inferences.
These skills are promoted during the seminar work that is an integral part of the course through writing texts and collegial debate. The seminar activity of writing and discussion is also aimed at the acquisition of linguistic-communicative skills.

FAILLA MARIANNINA

teacher profile | teaching materials

Programme

12 CFU PROGRAMME:
The course looks at the concepts of consciousness and world in the philosophies of Leibniz and Husserl, keeping in mind some guiding notions: body/mind/virtuality, mechanism/teleology, substance/monad, epochè/eidos

MODULE A 6 CFU:

Module A has an introductory value to eighteenth-century classical German philosophy and will focus in particular on the view of reason in Leibniz.
The concepts of matter, substance, memory, virtuality and innate ideas will be illustrated, underlining the Leibnizian polemic against the Lockian sensualism.

MODULE B 6 CFU:
Module B aims to examine the concepts of natural consciousness and phenomenological consciousness in Husserl by privileging the notions of body, perception, habit, unconscious on the one hand and phenomenological epoché, noesis, hyle, noema, pure self on the other.

C) A reading seminar will be an integral part of the course.
In order to develop skills of analysis and textual criticism the course includes a seminar of textual reading of the essay G.W. Leibniz, I principi razionali della natura e della Grazia, Bompiani, Milano, pp. 35-57 (This essay is contained in the volume Monadologia by Bompiani).

The reading seminar is open to all students, both those who are required to take 6 cfu and those who are required to take 12 cfu.

Core Documentation

G. W. Leibniz, New Essays on the Human Understanding, Preface, Bompiani, Milan
G.W. Leibniz, Monadology, Bompiani, Milan, Italy.
Edmund Husserl, The Fundamental Problems of Phenomenology. Lectures on the natural concept of the world, Quodlibet, Macerata.
Edmund Husserl, Lectures on Active Synthesis, Mimesis Edizioni, Milan

Type of delivery of the course

The course is organised for both face-to-face teaching and elearning, both of which are based on the reading of primary sources and comparison with the original editions (French and German language)- Discussions with students and debates on the topics covered. In order to develop skills in analysis and textual criticism the course includes a seminar on textual reading of Hegelian anthropology. The reading seminar is addressed to all students both to those who must achieve 6 cfu and those who must achieve 12 cfu. In the case of the Covid-19 health emergency, the following modalities will be applied: remote teaching through the University platforms, remote oral examinations through the Microsoft Teams platform.

Type of evaluation

The verification of learning occurs through an oral interview. The examination involves the preparation of a 3000-word written paper on the classic thinker's subject of the seminar activity. In the case of the Covid-19 health emergency, the following modalities will be applied: remote teaching through the University platforms, remote oral examinations through the Microsoft Teams platform.