This course introduces, in a mostly informal yet rigorous way, the various forms of reasoning and the essential elements of correct argumentation. Students will acquire the ability to critically analyse the structure and the content of texts, and to present their own ideas clearly and accurately. Students will be able to apply the knowledge acquired in the discussion and argument from a theoretical perspective. At the end of the course the student will acquire:
-) Ability to analyze and interpret philosophical texts;
-) Properties of language and argumentation;
-) Ability to contextualize the acquired knowledge in the Philosophical debate.


teacher profile | teaching materials


Introduction to reasoning and argumentation, with a special focus on the key features, domain of application and potential fallacies of each type of inference.
Part I: Deduction. Part II: Induction, abduction and probabilistic reasoning.

Core Documentation

F. D’Agostini, Le ali al pensiero, Carocci.
G. Boniolo, P. Vidali, Strumenti per ragionare, Bruno Mondadori/Pearson.
A. Coliva, E. Lalumera, Pensare. Leggi ed errori del ragionamento, Carocci.

Reference Bibliography

Recommended for those interested in gaining a more in-depth knowledge: I.M. Copi&C.Cohen, Introduction to Logic, Routledge.

Type of delivery of the course

The lectures are expected to be traditional classroom lectures. However, changes may be required in order to comply with the COVID-19 safety regulations. In particular, lectures might take place in the form of distance learning through the university platforms.

Type of evaluation

The final exam will be written, unless required otherwise by the COVID-19 safety regulations (in which case, written or oral examinations may be held via Microsoft Teams or some other platform). Students will have approximately 90 minutes at their disposal for writing short answers to 4 or 5 questions.