22901962 - SOCIAL MEDICINE (L39)

The aim of the course is to provide knowledge and skills that allow the student to know how to orientate himself in the panorama of issues concerning hygiene and social medicine, with regard to health, epidemiological and social impact aspects. At the end of the course the student: - has become familiar with the basic concepts of hygiene and social medicine. - can critically orient itself between the different models of health systems, the fundamental means to prevent the main infectious and multifactorial diseases, the timing of prevention, elements of occupational safety, as well as the principles of health education and health promotion of single and community.

By the study of Social Medicine the student will be able to achieve the following training objectives.

In terms of knowledge and understanding: the student will have acquired knowledge on knowledge of the basic concepts of hygiene and social medicine, such as health, epidemiological and natural history of infectious diseases, with application focus on the main broad diseases social impact. The course will be articulated in a precise path that will start from the definition of health and will end with interventions to promote it and to prevent the onset of pathology.

In terms of ability to apply knowledge and understanding: The student at the end of the course will have acquired the knowledge to know how to move and orientate in the evolution and the current state of health legislation and to have learned the fundamental means to prevent the main infectious and multifactorial diseases, such as the timing of prevention, elements of occupational safety, and the principles of health education and the promotion of the health of the individual and of the community.

In terms of independent judgment: - develop the capacity for critical analysis of the evolution and transformation of health models, especially regarding the transition to the current state of health legislation and having learned the fundamental means to prevent the main infectious and multifactorial diseases, such as the timing of prevention, elements of occupational safety, and to know and practice the principles of health education and the promotion of the health of the individual and of the community.

In terms of communication skills: - being able to communicate the acquired knowledge, in terms of ideas, problems, themes and possible solutions, related to the strategies of health promotion suitable to today's socio-epidemiological fabric and to support the ability to know how to manage the multiplicity of experiential and communicative challenges, above all in the mother-child area.

In terms of learning ability: - develop the learning skills that are necessary for them to undertake subsequent studies, related to many of the sociological, pedagogical and psychological disciplines that also deal with health education and community issues, with a high degree of autonomy.

VALERIANI FEDERICA

teacher profile | materiale didattico

Programma

COURSE PROGRAM 2020-2021
Definition of health and illness, determinants and health promotion
- Scope and definition of Hygiene and Social Medicine
Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention
- Primary and secondary prevention: theory and applications
Notions of epidemiology, how sanitary phenomena are measured
- How scientific evidence is constructed: introduction to the main types of epidemiological study
- Notions of demography, social and health impact of aging, children.
- Epidemiology of infectious diseases, transmission, with examples on pathologies with a high social impact
- Epidemiology of chronic-degenerative diseases, the example of neoplasia, metabolic diseases
Prophylaxis of infectious diseases
- Natural history of infectious diseases
- Vaccines and principles of immunology
National Health Service
- History and founding principles
- Current structure and regulations
- Basic health care: health district, general doctor, social assistance
- Health education
Occupational Safety
- Epidemiology of Occupational risk
- National and European references for health and safety at work
Role of the lifestyle on health: ex. nutrition, alcohol, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, addictions, environment
Health in sub-groups of population and age groups (maternal-child, elderly, prisoners, immigrants, etc.)
Reference books
Romano Spica V, Brandi G., Valeriani F. Igiene, Educazione alla Salute e Sanità Pubblica. Quaderni Sanitari, Volume 5. Antonio Delfino Editore, Roma. 2014.
Study material: www.wikigiene.it

Testi Adottati

Reference books
Romano Spica V, Brandi G., Valeriani F. Igiene, Educazione alla Salute e Sanità Pubblica. Quaderni Sanitari, Volume 5. Antonio Delfino Editore, Roma. 2014.
Study material: www.wikigiene.it

Modalità Erogazione

The exam is oral. It will take place electronically and on the basis of ministerial and academic provisions.

Modalità Frequenza

Optional, but recommended.

Modalità Valutazione

Oral