22902301 - GNOSEOLOGY LM 50

The discipline refers to the primary sources of knowledge in its epistemological and critical aspects. The purposeful sense, therefore, within the specialist degree is to highlight the enhancement of knowing oneself in respect of the primary objective of ideas, of contemporary liberalism.

PETAGINE ANTONIO

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Programma

The program has two main parts:
the first part (14 hours) concerns the main problems of Epistemology.
This will take place through a basic historical path: firstly, showing how the reflection on knowledge was structured from the Greeks to the thinkers of the early twentieth century.
Secondly, there will be a presentation of the main contemporary theories and debates.
The second part (22 hours) will deal with the question of truth, treated as a monographic theme, according to the following elements:
a) Theory of truth: "robust" and "non-robust" theories; realism, foundationalism and coherentism; Gettier's paradox and its possible solutions.
b) The "logic of truth" and the classical laws of truth;
c) Skepticism, nihilism, relativism;
d) The practical and political importance of truth; the question of "Aletic Rights";
e) Educating to truth: against ignorance and lies.

Testi Adottati

For the First Part:

S. Vanni Rovighi, Filosofia della Conoscenza, ESD, Bologna 2007 (only the authors indicated on the list that uploaded on the Blackboard).
C. Calabi et al. (a cura di), Teorie della conoscenza. Il dibattito contemporaneo (only the pages indicated on the Blackboard).

For the Second part:
F. D'Agostini, Introduzione alla verità, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino 2011;
M.P. Lynch, La verità e i suoi nemici, Cortina, Milano 2007 (tit. orig. Thuth to Life. Why Truth Matters, MIT, Boston 2004);
Universalità dei diritti e il concetto di verità, in "Biblioteca della libertà" 52 (2017), n. 218, pp. 5-126.

Eventuali ulteriori indicazioni e/o materiali saranno forniti durante il corso

Modalità Erogazione

The course will be carried out mainly through the frontal lesson, the reading of texts, the critical discussion in the classroom.

Modalità Frequenza

While optional, attendance is highly recommended

Modalità Valutazione

The test will consist of three questions. In the first question, reference will be made to the subject dealt with in the first part, while in the third, reference will be made to the second part. The second question might be referred indifferently to one of both parts. The candidate must demonstrate his ability and competence presenting and arguing the requested topic.