The crisis of modern democratic systems, the detachment between citizenship and institutions and the difficulty of implementing constitutional models, from the point of view of both institutional reorganization and substantial protection of fundamental rights, have led to a season of reforms that knows neither crisis nor completion - not only in our legal system. In fact, the Reform of Title V of the Constitution inaugurated twenty years of proposals to modify the constitutional text, proposals that are not always consistent with the stated objectives and with the fundamental principles of the Charter. The protection of the parliamentary democratic model, the relaunch of popular sovereignty, democratic representation and the system of protection of fundamental rights are still central themes on which the political and constitutional debate are focused. The course aims to provide students with the skills necessary to understand the previuos reforms and the possible future ones and to analyze critically the ways and terms in which each reform impacts on the overall constitutional order, on the democratic model and on the quality of democracy.


teacher profile | teaching materials


The course will range from the Reform of Title V of the Constitution, to the reform of the "fair trial", to the major reforms in electoral matters, to the most recent reform proposals submitted to referendum: the great reform of the "Renzi" government and the most recent reduction in the number of parliamentarians approved in 2020. Lastly, the most current pending proposals will be dealt with, relating, in particular, to the popular initiative of the law, the regulation of political parties, the implementation of art. 49, to the constitutional recognition of new rights.
The seminar activity will mainly have a casuistic and practical slant and, although aimed at all students, is an ideal corollary to attendance of the "Institutions of Public Law" course.

Core Documentation

Materials provided by the professor during the lessons

Type of evaluation

Short written thesis and oral discussion