## 20810114 - CALCULUS I

To allow the acquisition of the deductive-logic method and provide basic mathematical tools for the differential and integral calculus. Each topic will be strictly introduced and treated by carrying out, whenever needed, detailed demonstrations and by referring largely to the physical meaning, the geometrical interpretation and the numerical application. A proper methodology combined with a reasonable skill in the use of the concepts and results of the integro-differential calculus, will enable students to face more applicative concepts that will be tackled during the succeeding courses.
teacher profile | teaching materials

Programme

The numbers refer to the chapters and paragraphs of the textbook:
Calcolo of P. Marcellini and C. Sbordone.

1) Real numbers and functions

Natural, whole and rational numbers; density of rationals (5). Axioms of real numbers (2). Overview of set theory (4).
The intuitive concept of function (6) and Cartesian representation (7).
Injective, surjective, bijective and invertible functions. Monotonic functions (8).
Absolute value (9). The principle of induction (13).

2) Complements to real numbers

Maximum, minimum, supremum, infimum.

7) Succession limits

Definition and first properties (56.57).
Limited successions (58). Operations with limits (59).
Indefinite forms (60).
Comparative theorems (61). Other properties of succession limits (62).
Notable limits (63). Monotone sequences, the number e (64).
Sequence going to infinity of increasing order (67).

8) Function limits. Continuous functions

Definition of limit and property (71,72,73).
Continuous functions (74). discontinuity (75).
Theorems on continuous functions (76).

The theorem on monotonic sequences (80).
Extracted successions; the Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem (81).
The Weierstrass theorem (82).
Continuity of monotonic functions and inverse functions (83).

10) Derivatives

Definition and physical meaning (88-89). Operations with derivatives (90).
Derivatives of compound functions and inverse functions (91).
Derivative of elementary functions (92).
Geometric meaning of the derivative: tangent line (93).

11) Applications of derivatives. Function study

Maximum and minimum relative. Fermat's theorem (95).
Theorems of Rolle and Lagrange (96).
Increasing, decreasing, convex and concave functions (97-98).
De l'Hopital theorem (99).
Study of the graph of a function (100).
Taylor's formula: first properties (101).

14) Integration according to Riemann

Definition (117). Properties of the defined integrals (118).
Uniform continuity. Cantor's theorem (119).
Integrability of continuous functions (120).
The theorems of the average (121).

15) Undefined integrals

The fundamental theorem of integral calculus (123).
Primitives (124). The indefinite integral (125). Integration by parts and by substitution
(126,127,128,129).
Improper integrals (132).

16) Taylor's formula

Rest of Peano (135).
Use of Taylor's formula in the calculation of limits (136).

17) Series

Numerical series (141).
Series with positive terms (142).
Geometric series and harmonic series (143.144).
Convergence criteria (145).
Alternate series (146).
Absolute convergence (147).
Taylor series (149).

Core Documentation

S. Lang, A First Course in Calculus, Springer Ed.

Attendance

not compulsory but suggested

Type of evaluation

written test with exercise and subsequent oral test