21001996 - BASICS OF PHYSICS

To provide students with a basic understanding of the fundamental laws of classical physics and guide them in learning the scientific method and its language. Topics of the course are: kinematics and dynamics of a particle; the dynamics of particle systems; the equilibrium of rigid bodies; fluid mechanics; the basic principles of thermodynamics; operations of thermal machines. Mechanism for heat transfer. Notes on electrical distribution systems. Elements of knowledge on renewable energy sources are also introduced.

Canali

BRUNI FABIO

teacher profile | teaching materials

Programme

Fondamenti di Fisica
prof. F. Bruni

Syllabus

References to reading material correspond to:
(A) Principi di Fisica, Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman, A. Lewis Ford. vol. 1. Pearson (2015)
(B) Lecture notes and videos available in:
- ftp.arch.uniroma3.it;
- OneDrive (https://uniroma3-my.sharepoint.com/:f:/g/personal/fbruni_os_uniroma3_it/EpLYK9jvLy5Iux5DApxeii4BnCLZX8R2Ob2Frb8rdeBPyg?e=PBOn6J);
- Moodle (https://architettura.el.uniroma3.it/course/view.php?id=120)


Module A: Mechanic and Thermal Equilibrium. Deformation, Elasticity and thermal expansion. Energy density.

1. Equilibrium and Elasticity. Translational and rotational equilibrium. Force and torque.
Read: (A) Chapter 11, 11.1 -11.5. Chapter 8, 8.5. Chapter 10, 10.1. Chapter 1, 1.7-1.10.

2. Temperature and Heat. Thermal Expansion. Mechanism of heat transfer. Rayleigh number.
Read: (A) Chapter 17, 17.1, 17.4, 17.5, 17.7.
(B) Lecture notes: How much time does it take to reach thermal equilibrium? Introduction to differential equations.

Part B: Thermodynamics and Fluid Dynamics.

1. Calorimetry and Phase changes. Phases of Matter. Thermodynamic System. Internal Energy and first law of Thermodynamics. Thermodynamic processes. Heat Engines and Refrigerators.
Read: (A) Chapter 17, 17.6. Chapter 18, 18.1, 18.4, 18.6. Chapter 19, 19.1 - 19.8. Chapter 20, 20.1, 20.2, 20.4.

2. Fluid Dynamics. Fluid flow: laminar and turbulent flow. Reynolds number. Viscosity. Real fluids as model for vehicular traffic.
Read: (A) Chapter 12, 12.1 - 12.6.
(B) Lecture notes

Module C: Conservation Laws.

1. Work and Kinetic Energy. Potential energy and Energy conservation. Gravitational Potential Energy, Elastic Potential Energy.Conservative and nonconservative Forces. Frictional Forces.
Read: (A) Chapter 6, 6.1- 6.4. Chapter 7, 7.1 -7.6. Chapter 5, 5.3.

2. Momentum, impulse. Conservation of momentum. Motion analyses: transation, rotation and rolling. Angular Momentum and its conservation.
Read: (A) Chapter 8, 8.1- 8.5. Chapter 3, 3.1-3.4. Chapter 5, 5.4. Chapter 9, 9.1-9.5. Chapter 10, 10.2-10.6.

3. Simple Armonic Motion. Longitudinal waves. Sound and Hearing. Longitudinal waves in fluids and solids.
Read: (A) Chapter 14, 14.6. Chapter 16, 16.1-16.3.


Core Documentation

(A) University Physics with modern Physics Technology updates, Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman, A. Lewis Ford. Pearson
(B) Lecture notes and videos available in:
- ftp.arch.uniroma3.it;
- OneDrive (https://uniroma3-my.sharepoint.com/:f:/g/personal/fbruni_os_uniroma3_it/EpLYK9jvLy5Iux5DApxeii4BnCLZX8R2Ob2Frb8rdeBPyg?e=PBOn6J);
- Moodle (https://architettura.el.uniroma3.it/course/view.php?id=120)B. lecture notes on “Ftp.arch.uniroma3.it” website


Reference Bibliography

No other textbook is required

Type of delivery of the course

Due to the emergency related to the COVID-19, during this semester the course will be given in remote. Information on the course, reading materials, and video lectures are available in: - ftp.arch.uniroma3.it; - OneDrive (https://uniroma3-my.sharepoint.com/:f:/g/personal/fbruni_os_uniroma3_it/EpLYK9jvLy5Iux5DApxeii4BnCLZX8R2Ob2Frb8rdeBPyg?e=PBOn6J); - Moodle (https://architettura.el.uniroma3.it/course/view.php?id=120). This course is based on the platform MasteringPhysics (https://www.masteringphysics.com, access code provided with the textbook) that allows to monitor student learning process through tutorials, demo video, exercises and problems, tests and quizzes. During the semester, exercises and problems will be assigned to students weekly, along with tests (3 intermediate verifications during the semester), to check each student progress. Assignments and tests can be taken at home. Tests will be discussed during video meetings, using the platform Microsoft Teams, and each student will receive a grade between 0 and 3. This grade is part of the final grade.

Attendance

Attendance is required for at least 75% of the lectures and verified during the intermediate tests.

Type of evaluation

In addition to the intermediate tests, the final grade is based on a written exam (using MasteringPhysics) and an oral exam (using the platform Microsoft Teams). The oral exam is crucial in determining the final grade. The written exam consists on solving problems on each of the program modules, each one with its own and independent grade (6 point each, minimum grade 3). Grading of the written exam results on a grade between 9 and 18 (sum of the grades obtained on each module). The grade obtained with the intermediate tests will be added to the written exam grade, and the result will be a grade between 9 and 21 (grade A). Admission to the oral exam requires a grade A equal or better than 15. The oral exam consists on the discussion of an experiment, a model, a scaled-down plastic architecture element,...realized exploiting concepts and equations presented during the Physics course. The rational behind this exam is to verify the ability of students to quantitatively describe, by means of estimates and predictions, a given process or an observation. This exam will receive a grade between 1 and 10, that will be added to grade A. Student that are not admitted to the oral exam (grade A less than 15) can reach the minimum admission grade by improving their grade of the written exam. Validity of the grades obtained with the intermediate tests and with the written exam is 1 academic year.

SODO ARMIDA

teacher profile | teaching materials

Programme

Part A: Mechanic and Thermal Equilibrium. Deformation, Elasticity and thermal expansion. Energy density.

1. Equilibrium and Elasticity. Translational and rotational equilibrium. Force and torque.
Reference:
(A) Chapter 11, 11.1 -11.5. Chapter 8, 8.5. Chapter 10, 10.1. Chapter 1, 1.7-1.10.
Assignments on MasteringPhysics:
1. Ripasso di MatemaCca
2. Equilibrio ed elasCcità_1 (+bonus, 1 punto)
3. Equilibrio ed elasCcità_2 (+bonus, 1 punto)

2. Fluid Mechanics. Fluid flow: laminar and turbulent flow. Reynolds number. Viscosity. Real fluids as model for vehicular traffic.
Reference:
(A) Chapter 12, 12.1 - 12.6.
(B) Lecture notes: Viscosità. Traffico
Assignments on MasteringPhysics:
1. Dinamica dei fluidi (+bonus, 1 punto)

3. Temperature and Heat. Thermal Expansion. Mechanism of heat transfer. Rayleigh number.
Reference:
(A) Chapter 17, 17.1, 17.4, 17.5, 17.7.
(B) Lecture notes: Trasferimento di calore.
Assignments on MasteringPhysics:
1. Temperatura e Calore (+bonus, 1 punto)

Part B: Thermodynamics and Energy Conservation.
1. Calorimetry and Phase changes. Phases of Matter. Thermodynamic System. Internal Energy and first law of Thermodynamics. Thermodynamic processes. Heat Engines and Refrigerators.
Reference:
(A) Chapter 17, 17.6. Chapter 18, 18.1, 18.4, 18.6. Chapter 19, 19.1 - 19.8. Chapter 20,
20.1, 20.2, 20.4.
Assignments on MasteringPhysics:
1. Termodinamica_1 (+bonus, 1 punto)
2. Termodinamica_2 (+bonus, 1 punto)

Part C: Conservation Laws.
1. Work and Kinetic Energy. Potential energy and Energy conservation. Gravitational Potential Energy, Elastic Potential Energy.Conservative and nonconservative Forces. Frictional Forces.
Reference:
(A) Chapter 6, 6.1- 6.4. Chapter 7, 7.1 -7.6. Chapter 5, 5.3.
Assignments on MasteringPhysics:
1. Conservazione Energia (+bonus, 1 punto)
2. Momentum, impulse. Conservation of momentum. Motion analyses: transation, rotation and rolling. Angular Momentum and its conservation.
Reference:
(A) Chapter 8, 8.1- 8.5. Chapter 3, 3.1-3.4. Chapter 5, 5.4. Chapter 9, 9.1-9.5. Chapter
10, 10.2-10.6.
Assignments on MasteringPhysics:
1. Traslazioni_Rotazioni_Rotolamento (+bonus, 1 punto)

3. Simple Armonic Motion. Longitudinal waves. Sound and Hearing. Longitudinal waves in fluids and solids.
Reference:
(A) Chapter 14, 14.6. Chapter 16, 16.1-16.3.
Assignments on MasteringPhysics:
1. Oscillazioni (+bonus, 1 punto)

Core Documentation

A. University Physics with modern Physics Technology updates, Hugh D. Young, Roger A. Freedman, A. Lewis Ford. Pearson
B. lecture notes on “Fp.arch.uniroma3.it” website

Reference Bibliography

See previous part

Attendance

Attendance is required for at least 75% of the lessons

Type of evaluation

You can find information about the textbook, course program, and teaching material on - Course Moodle https://architettura.el.uniroma3.it/, in the folder “ Materiali Didattici” - Course “Fondamenti di Fisica” on Teams - Google Drive folder https://drive.google.com/open?id=1TjoYpQVfGkNpRYDXhFnvTiwI0kJtNQH1 The course takes advantage of the MasteringPhysics web platform, used for to propose tutorial tutorials, demonstration videos, exercises and problems, and examinations and exams. Instructions on how to access, how and where to find access credentials, are in the document “MasteringPhysics_RomaTre_istruzioni AA 2019_2020.pdf” in the folder Materiali Didattici on Moodle and Google Drive Due to COVID-19 emergence, exam will be taken in this way: - a written test on MasteringPhysics that will allow to access to - an oral exam where after the realization and discussion of an experiment, a model, a plastic, ... based on the concepts seen in the course, the student preparation will be tested by different questions The booking through the student portal to these exams is mandatory. For any clarifications or questions, please contact the teacher (armida.sodo@uniroma3.it).