The course aims at enhancing the students’ knowledge and understanding of the roots and evolution of global environmental governance, as well as at providing them with the methodological tools to analyze them from an historical and political perspective. At the same time, the course investigates the role of the European Union in shaping global environmental governance and the implications of the international discourse on sustainable development in European politics, from the late 1960s to the present. Moving from the beginnings of the EC/EU environmental policy, the course deals with the evolving concepts of energy security and transition in Europe’s debates, at the national, intergovernmental and supranational level; it analyses the rise of the European sustainability agenda, across different EC/EU policy areas; and focuses on the intersection between the United Nations’ multilateral dimension of environmental governance and the EU’s. Students will be engaged in studying the complexity of such challenges as climate change and the depletion of global commons with a view to their international politics consequences. They will also be provided with the analytical tools to understanding the development of multilateral and regional institutions, as well as governmental and non-governmental actors; and to assessing the EU’s political and economic response to such challenges in the last few decades.
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Fruizione: 21810415 THE EU IN GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE in Politiche per la Sicurezza Globale: Ambiente, Energia e Conflitti LM-52 A - Z FASANARO LAURA


The course is structured in 4 parts (9 CFU):

1) An overview of the European Union’s history, politics and institutional developments: from the European Community of the 1970s to the EU of the 2000s.

2) Environmental challenges and politics in an international history perspective, from the Stockholm Conference of 1972 to the Paris Agreement of 2015: conservation; global threats; multilateral negotiations; and the rise of climate change in international politics.

3) The roots and development of the EU environmental policy within the context of its energy policy, external relations and foreign policy.

4) Students’ short papers and presentations (see list of recommended readings/bibliography).

Attendance is mandatory.

Core Documentation

1. Afionis Stavros, The European Union in International Climate Change Negotiations, London, Routledge, 2017;
2. Jordan Andrew, Gravey Viviane(eds), Environmental policy in the EU: actors, institutions and processes, (fourth edition), London, Routledge, 2021, pp. 1-276;
3. Kaiser Wolfram, Meyer Jan-Henrik (eds), International Organizations and Environmental Protection. Conservation and Globalization in the Twentieth Century, New York, Berghahn Books, 2016, pp. 1-102; 153-267; 293-333.

Type of delivery of the course

Teaching methodology. The course is based on both lectures and class discussion. Students are required to take active part in class debates on single course topics on a weekly basis. They can be assigned short extra readings (articles, archival records, press sources, etc.) to be commented in class, individually or working in group with other students. Regularly attending students who follow this course to receive 6 CFU may choose to prepare, at the end of the course, a short essay and class presentation on one of the course topics, to be agreed with the professor.


Attendance is mandatory. The course methodology, in fact, includes class discussion and the students' team-work and active participation.

Type of evaluation

The oral exam counts for 70% of the overall grade. Short essay and presentation count for 30% of the overall grade.