20402347 - INTRODUCTION TO TECTONICS

Provide the tectonics foundations: origin of deformative elements, their architecture, evolution and geodynamic framework. Highlight the interaction between tectonics and both shallow (sedimentation, erosion) and deep (mantle convection) processes. Introduce the main methodologies adopted to study the tectonics. introduce the hazard related to tectonic processes. Each argument will be presented offering an initial basic theoretical background which will be subsequently implemented by the widest range of updated interpretations and natural examples. Students will be expected to actively participate to the class activities (e.g. reading scientific papers, homework assignments, class participation, in-class presentations).

Canali

FUNICIELLO FRANCESCA

teacher profile | teaching materials

Mutuazione: 20402347 INTRODUZIONE ALLA TETTONICA in Scienze geologiche L-34 N0 FUNICIELLO FRANCESCA

Programme

INTRODUCTION. GENERAL FOUNDATIONS. CRUST (OCEANIC AND CONTINENTAL), LITHOSPHERE (OCEANIC AND CONTINENTAL) AND MANTLE: OVERVIEW ON COMPOSITION, STRUCTURE, RHEOLOGY, THERMAL PROFILE. TECTONICS: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND. PLATE MARGINS. EXTENSIONAL TECTONICS: GEOMETRY AND KINEMATICS OF NORMAL FAULTS, ORIGIN OF RIFT SYSTEMS, RIFTING MODELS, AND EVOLUTION OF A RIFTING SYSTEM, SEDIMENTATION/TOPOGRAPHY AND MAGMATISM ASSOCIATED TO RIFTING, MID-OCEAN RIDGES, PASSIVE MARGINS. COMPRESSIVE TECTONICS: GEOMETRY, KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS OF CONVERGENT AND COLLISIONAL MARGINS, OBLIQUE CONVERGENCE, ARCHITECTURE, KINEMATICS AND MECHANICS OF COLLISIONAL BELTS. STRIKE-SLIP TECTONICS: TRANSFORM AND STRIKE-SLIP FAULTS AND RELATED GEODYNAMICS, TRANSPRESSION AND TRANSTENSION, PULL-APART BASINS. HOT SPOT AND MANTLE PLUMES. HAZARD LINKED TO TECTONIC PROCESSES: DEFINITION OF RISK, EARTHQUAKES, MEGA-EARTHQUAKES, TSUNAMI, VOLCANOES, LAND-SLIDES. INTEGRATION: GEOMAPAPP, SEISMIC METHODS, ANALOG MODELING, NUMERICAL MODELING AS TOOLS TO STUDY TECTONIC PROCESSES.

Core Documentation

- EARTH STRUCTURE: AN INTRODUCTION TO STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND TECTONICS (SECOND EDITION). B. A. VAN DER PLUIJM , S. MARSHAK (NORTON & COMPANY, 2004)
- PLATE BOUNDARY ZONES. S. STEIN, J.T. FREYMUELLER, ED. AGU GEODYNAMIC SERIES, VOL. 30, 2002.
- DYNAMIC EARTH, PLATES, PLUMES AND MANTLE CONVECTION, DAVIES, G.F., CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1999.
- GEODYNAMICS: SECOND EDITION, TURCOTTE, D. L. AND SCHUBERT, G., JOHN WILEY & SONS, NEW YORK, 2002.
- GEOLOGIA STRUTTURALE. H. FOSSEN, ZANICHELLI 2020.
- BIBLIO PROVIDED DURING THE COURSE

Type of delivery of the course

In case of COVID-19 emergency, it will be followed all the rules for safe teaching and evaluation. In particular, this course will be provided in a virtual mode.

Type of evaluation

Grades will be computed based on this relative weighting scheme: Presentation and discussion of 1 paper suggested by the Instructor following the student interests = 30% Oral exam on the base of the programme presented during the course = 60% Class partecipation = 10% In case of COVID-19 emergency, it will be followed all the rules for safe teaching and evaluation. In particular, the exams related to course will be provided in a virtual mode.

FUNICIELLO FRANCESCA

teacher profile | teaching materials

Programme

INTRODUCTION. GENERAL FOUNDATIONS. CRUST (OCEANIC AND CONTINENTAL), LITHOSPHERE (OCEANIC AND CONTINENTAL) AND MANTLE: OVERVIEW ON COMPOSITION, STRUCTURE, RHEOLOGY, THERMAL PROFILE. TECTONICS: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND. PLATE MARGINS. EXTENSIONAL TECTONICS: GEOMETRY AND KINEMATICS OF NORMAL FAULTS, ORIGIN OF RIFT SYSTEMS, RIFTING MODELS, AND EVOLUTION OF A RIFTING SYSTEM, SEDIMENTATION/TOPOGRAPHY AND MAGMATISM ASSOCIATED TO RIFTING, MID-OCEAN RIDGES, PASSIVE MARGINS. COMPRESSIVE TECTONICS: GEOMETRY, KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS OF CONVERGENT AND COLLISIONAL MARGINS, OBLIQUE CONVERGENCE, ARCHITECTURE, KINEMATICS AND MECHANICS OF COLLISIONAL BELTS. STRIKE-SLIP TECTONICS: TRANSFORM AND STRIKE-SLIP FAULTS AND RELATED GEODYNAMICS, TRANSPRESSION AND TRANSTENSION, PULL-APART BASINS. HOT SPOT AND MANTLE PLUMES. HAZARD LINKED TO TECTONIC PROCESSES: DEFINITION OF RISK, EARTHQUAKES, MEGA-EARTHQUAKES, TSUNAMI, VOLCANOES, LAND-SLIDES. INTEGRATION: GEOMAPAPP, SEISMIC METHODS, ANALOG MODELING, NUMERICAL MODELING AS TOOLS TO STUDY TECTONIC PROCESSES.

Core Documentation

- EARTH STRUCTURE: AN INTRODUCTION TO STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY AND TECTONICS (SECOND EDITION). B. A. VAN DER PLUIJM , S. MARSHAK (NORTON & COMPANY, 2004)
- PLATE BOUNDARY ZONES. S. STEIN, J.T. FREYMUELLER, ED. AGU GEODYNAMIC SERIES, VOL. 30, 2002.
- DYNAMIC EARTH, PLATES, PLUMES AND MANTLE CONVECTION, DAVIES, G.F., CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 1999.
- GEODYNAMICS: SECOND EDITION, TURCOTTE, D. L. AND SCHUBERT, G., JOHN WILEY & SONS, NEW YORK, 2002.
- GEOLOGIA STRUTTURALE. H. FOSSEN, ZANICHELLI 2020.
- BIBLIO PROVIDED DURING THE COURSE

Type of delivery of the course

In case of COVID-19 emergency, it will be followed all the rules for safe teaching and evaluation. In particular, this course will be provided in a virtual mode.

Type of evaluation

Grades will be computed based on this relative weighting scheme: Presentation and discussion of 1 paper suggested by the Instructor following the student interests = 30% Oral exam on the base of the programme presented during the course = 60% Class partecipation = 10% In case of COVID-19 emergency, it will be followed all the rules for safe teaching and evaluation. In particular, the exams related to course will be provided in a virtual mode.