20410240 - FISICA

Provide a good basic knowledge about The Concepts, Laws and Principles of Physics, particularly with regard to topics related to the degree course in Biological Sciences.
Develop the skills to apply these Laws and Principles for the quantitative interpretation of real phenomena, with particular regard to the specific aspects of the degree course in Biological Sciences and the professional expectations of a future Biologist.
The course, with mandatory attendance, includes theoretical lessons, exercises and practical activities. Practical activities will use, as far as possible, materials and tools that are easily available so that they can be reproduced independently of students.
teacher profile | teaching materials

Programme

Mechanics
Forces:
• Static and dynamic definition of strength
• Equilibrium:
or composition and decomposition of forces.
o Definition of moment of a force
o Balance of extended bodies: forces and moments
o Applications: inclined plane, levers, pulleys, winch.
• Specific Forces:
o Force of gravity,
or force weight,
or elastic force, stress and deformation, elastic constant and Young's modulus
o friction forces (static and dynamic)
o Coulomb force
o Archimedes' push
• Newton's laws: in-depth analysis
o Inertia Principle (I Newton's law) inertial and non-inertial reference systems.
or II Newton's law: applications
or III Newton's law: applications
o Applications: Reaction forces, Apparent forces
• Power:
o Work of a force
o Kinetic energy (translation and rotation), the moment of Inertia
o Potential gravitational energy,
o Potential elastic energy.
or principle of conservation of mechanical energy.
o Non-conservative forces.
• The momentum
or momentum and impulse
o Angular moment and moment of a force.
o Momentum conservation principle.
o Center of mass.
o Elastic and inelastic collisions.

Fluids
• Characteristic dimensions
o Density, pressure
• Static
o The hydraulic press
o Thrust of hydrostatics (thrust of Archimedes).
o Law of Stevino-Pascal
• Dynamics
o Flow and Flow
o Bernoulli equation
o Laminar and turbulent flow

waves
• Properties of waves and characteristic quantities:
or wavelength,
or period,
or Frequency,
or speed.
• Harmonics and sine waves.
• Elastic waves, acoustic waves.
• Energy and power
• Wave and stationary wave interference
• Reflection / transmission
• Doppler effect

Electromagnetism
• From the Coulomb force to the electrostatic field
o Gauss law and fields of classical charge distributions
• From electrostatic energy to the electrostatic potential V
o Relationship between potential and electric field
o Equipotential surfaces and flow lines
• Capacities and capacitors
or energy stored in a capacitor.
o Capacitors in series or in parallel.
• Electric current
o Resistance and resistivity, Ohm's laws
o Electric current: intensity, current density.
o Electromotive force and real generators
o Energy and power in an electrical circuit (Joule Effect)
o Series and parallel resistances.



Core Documentation

One of these:
Andrea Alessandrini: Fisica per le Scienze della Vita (CEA, Zanichelli), (ISBN: 978-88-08-92045-4) http://online.universita.zanichelli.it/alessandrini
J. Walker: Fondamenti di Fisica (V ed.) (Pearson) (ISBN: 978-88-6518-928-3)

Reference Bibliography

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Type of delivery of the course

Lessons in classrooms

Attendance

Attendance is compulsory in presence. Some activities are only available to those who regularly attend the Course. Some assessments may only be available to students attending regularly the course . Following the authorisation of the Teaching Board, the lecturer will make streaming and recorded lectures available for those topics and procedures that are more difficult to memorise and follow (algorithms, procedures, etc.).

Type of evaluation

Attendance is compulsory, attendance is recorded on a spot-check basis, and admission to some examination or test sessions may be conditional on attendance of at least 70 per cent. The examinations consist of - a written test with multiple-choice QUESTIONS to check basic knowledge (20 questions on the topics of the Fisica-Zero course) - a written test with multiple-choice QUESTIONS (40 questions on the topics of the Physics course) - an oral interview in which the following are assessed: knowledge of the laws and principles of Physics covered in the course the ability to model real phenomena (in particular those involved in the Biological Sciences degree course) using principles and laws of Physics and to argue the choices made; the capacity to recognise the physical parameters involved in a phenomenon, make approximations, estimate/calculate the quantities used; the appropriate use of scientific language and physics concepts to discuss the models used in a quantitative manner and to critically analyse the results obtained. Self-assessment tests are available throughout the course to enable students to test their acquired knowledge and skills. The results of the Self-Assessment Tests do not count towards the exam result No exemption tests (Esoneri) are provided during the course .