The course is aimed at introducing students to landscape design from a perspective that would allow them to contextualise and better understand its relationship to the contemporary culture theories that inspire it in reference to the methodologies it draws upon. The trajectory of the lectures will be based on an intersection of pioneers of design, projects, themes, and problems individuated in the period extending from the Modern to the Contemporary.
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The course of Architecture and Typology, variations in identity, is a training course in the degree curriculum which
reflects on the ways in which knowledge of works of architecture is transmitted, wishing to provide students with some tools for reading the project in order to understand the development of architectural form, the spatial qualities of buildings, the similarities and differences starting from invariant elements and structural similarities. The objective is to allow candidates to develop a critical capacity to read the project that will allow them to "access a structural understanding of form" in which type is therefore taken as a distinguishable, transmissible, conceptual formal element, which can anticipate the decisions of the project.

The course will be developed with lectures and discussions that will involve the candidates in the form of seminars prepared by reading some texts. The course will move on through a comparison of different cultural positions in the architectural debate of recent years, proceeding from the analysis of the design of single buildings to an in-depth examination of concepts connected to the themes of urban morphology.

The course will take place between lectures and seminars according to the following index:

Type and architecture, definitions
Manuals, the tools of the project against ideologies
Seminar projects 1_ type of spaces, manuals, history, project
Explaining architecture, the necessity of theory
Design and analysis, between method and aesthetic intentionality
Seminar projects 2_ the masters, the type: Mies, Le Corbusier, Kahn
Morphological invariants, anticipating the course of design
The building and the city, urban morphology
Seminar projects 3_ necessities of the city: Muratori, Rossi, Aymonino

Core Documentation

Arìs, C. M., Le variazioni dell’identità, il tipo in architettura, Milano 1998

Reference Bibliography

Argan, G. C., Progetto e destino, Milano 1965 Moneo, R. La solitudine degli edifici e altri scritti, Torino 2004 Rodari G., Grammatica della Fantasia, Torino, 1973. Rossi, A. L’architettura della città, Macerata 2011 Teyssot G., “Illuminismo e Architettura: Saggio di Storiografia”, in Kauffmann E. Tre Architetti Rivoluzionari, Milano, 1984 Wunenburger J. J., Filosofia delle immagini, Torino, 1999.

Type of delivery of the course

The examination will take place individually or in groups (max 2 people) with an oral interview and the assessment of a set of reading exercises and analysis of selected projects carried out during the year. The oral exam will focus on the presentation of the worksheets prepared during the year, as well as questions of a theoretical nature aimed at highlighting the student's ability to elaborate connections between the topics proposed by the course and the teachings dedicated to the architectural project.

Type of evaluation

The examination will take the form of an oral interview and the assessment of a set of reading assignments and analysis of selected projects carried out during the year.